Is it Israel or Palestine? What about the west bank and Gaza? Obviously the Drive-By's care not a whit about history (or the truth...) so here's some facts - not from this author, but straight from the encyclopedia. Facts, not passions:
- 1: Palestine was an ancestral name given Israel by the Roman Empire, as it's province, and entirely Jewish in nature
- 2: There has NEVER been any such thing as a "Palestinian"
- 3: The name Palestine disappeared from History for thousands of years - until Winston Churchill brought it back as the new name for the conquered regions of the Ottoman (Turkish) Empire - to be used as the new homeland for the Jews. Yes, ALL OF IT: Modern day Israel, the west bank and Gaza, and ALL of Jordan...T
|From Drop Box|
With the break-up of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I, the League of Nations and the occupying powers were required to redraw the borders of the Middle East. The ensuing decisions, most notably the Sykes–Picot Agreement gave birth to the French Mandate of Syria and British Mandate of Palestine. More than 70% of the British Mandate of Palestine was east of the Jordan river and was known as "Transjordan". Until 1921, the land was supposed to be part of the Jewish National Homeland, the land designated by the League of Nations to be the future Jewish State of Israel. In 1921, the British gave semi-autonomous control of Transjordan to the future King Abdullah I of Jordan, of the Hashemite family, after his failed attempt to take control of Syria when his brother King Faisal I became king of Iraq. This partitian was in breach of the British Empire's undertaking to make Palestine a Jewish state as was required under the terms of the mandate, and as such outraged the Jewish population, but pressure from the Arabs caused the British to acquiesce to the Hashemites' demands.
Main articles: 1940s in Jordan, 1948 Arab-Israeli War, and 1949 Armistice Agreements
The mandate over Transjordan ended on May 22, 1946; on May 25, the country became the independent Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan. Transjordan was one of the Arab states opposed to the second partition of Palestine and creation of Israel in May 1948. It participated in the war between the Arab states and the newly founded State of Israel. The Armistice Agreements of April 3, 1949 left Jordan in control of the West Bank and provided that the armistice demarcation lines were without prejudice to future territorial settlements or boundary lines.
In March 1949, Transjordan announced its annexation of what is now commonly known as the West Bank, renaming it the West Bank, a reference to its location west of the Jordan River. Only two countries, however recognized this annexation: Britain and Pakistan. It is unknown why Pakistan recognized this annexation.
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